Effects of Team Sports on Anxiety, Depression, Perceived Stress and Sleep Quality in College Students
- Mental health is a global issue, with one in four people affected by a mental health disorder in their lifetime.
- College students are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems and have a challenging time finding coping strategies.
- Previous literature shows that exercise may provide a way to effectively reduce mental health issues.
- It was hypothesized that participation in team sports would significantly lower levels of depression, anxiety, perceived stress, and poor sleep quality in contrast with the comparison group.
- On average, both groups had total scores that indicated minimal anxiety at pre-test and post-test.
- Both groups had pre-existing moderate stress and stayed within this range over time.
- Academic pressure is a likely explanation for the slight increase in both stress and anxiety throughout the semester.
- Mild to moderate amounts of stress and anxiety can help elevate academic performance, but too much is harmful to our mental health.
- Both groups had a total score indicating depression at pre-test. At post-test, the team sports group score did not indicate depression, while the aerobic dance score did.
- Team sports offer heightened emphasis on group goals and a sense of connection, providing an overall improved mood and encouraging strategies for managing long-term mental health.
- Both groups went from a score of poor sleep quality at pre-test to a score of good sleep quality at post-test.
UROP 2019 poster authors:
Sara Johnston, Christine Roskowski, Dylan Kong, Weiyun Chen, Ph.D
PDF of poster: