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TitleValsartan Improves Insulin Sensitivity without Altering Vascular Function in Healthy Overweight Adults without the Metabolic Syndrome
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsBrook, R. D., Bard R. L., Kehrer C., Bodary P. F., Eitzman D. T., & Rajagopalan S.
JournalMetabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders
Pagination255 - 261
Date Published2007/09//
ISBN Number1557-8518

Background. We investigated hyperactivity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) as a cause of endothelial dysfunction in obese humans. Methods. Thirty five healthy overweight (BMI = 33.6 +/- 6.6 kg m (2)) adults (33 +/- 10 years old) without cardiovascular risk factors received valsartan (160 mg) orally daily or a matching placebo for 6 weeks each. Results. Baseline flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and nitroglycerin-mediated dilatation (NMD) were not altered by placebo or valsartan. However, fasting plasma insulin was significantly decreased by valsartan compared to placebo (-4.6 +/- 16.0 muUmL(1) versus -0.4 +/- 11.6 muUmL(1), P = 0.032) with no changes in glucose. A secondary analysis in patients with elevated waist to hip ratios (ÿ0.85, n = 18) showed an increase in FMD with valsartan. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that angiotensin 2 receptor blockade may aid in the prevention of diabetes even at the earliest stages of risk due solely to uncomplicated obesity. The lack of an improvement in FMD does not support a central role of RAS-hyperactivity in the etiology of the vascular dysfunction due solely to obesity. However, it is possible that obese patients with central adiposity may improve FMD with RAS blockade, and future investigation is warranted in this subgroup.


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