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TitleUpper limb effort does not increase maximal voluntary muscle activation in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsHuang, H. J., & Ferris D. P.
JournalClinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume120
Issue9
Pagination1741 - 1749
Date Published2009/09//
ISBN Number1872-8952
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Electromyography, Female, Humans, Joints, Kinetics, Locomotion, Lower Extremity, Male, Middle Aged, Muscle, Skeletal, Physical Exertion, Spinal Cord Injuries, Upper Extremity, Young Adult
Abstract

To determine the effect of upper limb effort on maximal lower limb muscle activation in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury.Fifteen individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury performed recumbent stepping using different combinations of upper and lower limb efforts.
There was no significant difference in active lower limb electromyography amplitudes regardless of whether the upper limbs were resting or exerting maximal effort. Upper limb effort increased passive lower limb muscle activation and likewise, lower limb effort increased passive upper limb muscle activation.
Upper limb effort did not increase lower limb muscle activation during active lower limb effort in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury during recumbent stepping. This suggests that individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury cannot recruit additional lower limb motor units using maximal volitional effort of their upper limbs.
Understanding how upper limb effort and movement influences lower limb muscle activation patterns in incomplete spinal cord injury patients has implications for prescribing therapies for lower limb rehabilitation.

URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19699677

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